Thursday, December 25, 2008

Poll shows Yanukovych and Tymoshenko to face off in Presidential elections due next year

Recent public opinion poll confirms what has been known for some time that both Viktor Yanukovych (20.7%) and Yulia Tymoshenko (17.9%) are front runners and most likely candidates to face off in a final elections for Ukraine's President

Both of the main contenders do not have 50% or more of the vote but they are the two highest polling candidates and as such they will be the only candidates left standing for the second run-off ballot.

All other election hopefuls lag far behind the two poll leaders and would not be in the race.

Incumbent President, Viktor Yushchenko, is polling less then 4% is not expected to be re-elected to office.

Elections for the President are due to be held by the end of next year.


Wednesday, December 24, 2008

Tymoshenko accuses Yushchenko of Presidential coup to prolong his term of office

Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukraine's Prime Minister has expressed concern that Ukraine's President, Victor Yushchenko is preparing plans to declare a State of emergency and install Martial law in order to prolong his term of Office. Effectually installing an authoritative dictatorship over Ukraine.

The concerns expressed by Yulia Tymoshenko reflect warnings given by other Ukrainian Politicians. Taras Chornovil earlier this year exposed a plot by the Office of the President along similar lines.

Tymoshenko noted that the Ukrainian Constitution envisages cancellation of all elections if the emergency rule is introduced in the country.

Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko said she wants to stop the process and prevent Viktor Yushchenko from installing a dictatorship in what would be seen as an act of desperation to prolong his term of office as President. Presidential elections are due to he held by the end of December 2009.

Viktor Yushchenko had unsuccessfully tried to dismiss Ukraine's Parliament in October 2008. Last week his own political faction rejected the President's tactics and agreed to the reformation of Ukraine's Governing Coalition forcing the President to abandon fresh parliamentary elections.

This latest round of reprisals, accusations in what has been dubbed the Battle of the Oranges, follows serious allegations against Ukraine's President being involved in a plot to destabilise Ukraine's economy designed to causing a major loss of confidence and devaluation of the Ukrainian currency (Hryvnia)


Only 6% of Ukrainians Trust Yushchenko

A recent opinion poll published in Kyiv Post shows that only 6 percent of those surveyed trusted Ukraine's president, Viktor Yushchenko, who had the highest level of distrust (34.1%) of all politicians listed in the survey 

NameTrust Distrust
Viktor Yushenko6.0%34.1%
Yulia Tymoshenko21.2%22.8%
Victor Yanukovych22.2%20.4%
Volodymyr Lytvyn16.1%5.5%
Arseniy Yatsenyuk16.7%5.1%
Viktor Baloha0.2%14.6%
Petro Symonenko11.8%14.2%

31.8 percent does not trust anyone, 6.2% found it difficult to respond, and 11.5 percent does not know who to trust. The poll was held on Dec. 7-20. A total of 2,000 respondents took part in the poll.


Tuesday, December 23, 2008

Ukraine's opposition to force fresh elections in Spring 2009

The leader of the opposition in the Ukrainian parliament, Viktor Yanukovych, has indicated that the opposition will force a fresh election in Spring 2009.

Under the terms of Ukraine's constitution the opposition have the right to force fresh elections of their choosing. In 2007 the opposition lead by Yulia Tymoshenko resigned on mass forcing fresh parliamentary elections to be held.

Viktor Yanukovych has also called for the position of the President to be elected at simultaneous polls.

"If we speak about the elections, both the parliamentary and presidential elections should be held simultaneously," he said in an interview with the Inter TV channel on Sunday night.

Victor Yushchenko, Ukraine's President, has refuted the notion of holding simultaneous elections.

Yushchenko speaking in an interview on Ukrainian Television "Inter TV" said that the presidential campaign begins actually in half a year and presidential and parliamentary elections should not be held simultaneously.

When ask if he would support simultaneous presidential and parliamentary elections Ukraine's President commented "Should we be talking of a system of two simultaneous elections today? Would it benefit the country? My personal answer to the question is negative"

Ukraine's Prime Minister,Yulia Tymoshenko, has joined a growing chorus of Ukrainian political leaders calling on Ukraine's President Viktor Yushchenko to resign.

Presidential elections are scheduled to be held at the end of next year. The President is currently elected in a two round ballot system, Each round is estimated to cost approximately 100 Million US Dollars and a total cost of 200 Million dollars. Similar costs are involved for the conduct of Parliamentary elections.


Monday, December 22, 2008

Ukraine PM calls for President to quit in battle of the Oranges

Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukraine's Prime Minister has called on Ukraine's President, Viktor Yushchenko, to resign.

The latest salvo comes as Ukraine's President, former head to the National Bank, faces allegations of involvement in a conspiracy to undermine the value of Ukraine's currency.

The prime minister demanded the resignation of Mr Yushchenko, and named Dmytro Firtash, the billionaire and Gazprom partner in the supply of natural gas to Ukraine and Europe, as a co-conspirator in the alleged currency speculation.

“I believe the president of this country, who works according to the [principle] that whatever is worse for the country is better for me, who makes money out of the misery of people, must step down,” Tymoshenko said.

The latest attack escalates sharply a long-running political feud between Yulia Tymoshenko and Viktor Yushchenko at a time when the country‘s economy is struggling.

Ukraine's currency is currently trading at a record low of 9 hryvnya to one US dollar placing considerable strain on Ukraine's economy in the wake of the world financial crisis.

Earlier this year the President of Yushchenko accused Ukraine's Prime minister of high treason following her refusal to involve Ukraine in the conflict between Russia and Georgia. The once partners and allies in the Orange revolution of 2004 have been at log a heads trading insults and verbal attacks as Ukraine approaches the new year.

Both candidates are expected to challenge each other at the presidential elections which are due to be held in December 2009.


Friday, December 19, 2008

Ukraine's President backs down on threat of snap election

After months of indecision and political instability Viktor Yushchenko, Ukraine's embattled president, has back down on the threat of a snap poll. The announcement published in the Ukrainian media (UNIAN) comes after the decision of his party "Our Ukraine - Peoples Self-Defence (NUNS)" decided, against the president's will, to reform a governing coalition with bloc Yulia Tymoshenko and bloc Lytvyn.

The president had called a snap election last October following the announced withdrawal of NUNS from the coalition in September.

The president has been under pressure to cancel the election which up until yesterday he was actively pursuing.

The reformation of a governing coalition and pressure from within the President's faction has forced a change of view.

The announcement of the decision to cancel the election and move against the parliament is welcomed as Ukraine faces a serve financial crisis in the wake of the world economic recession. A fresh election and the political fall out would only exacerbate Ukraine's already unstable situation.

Viktor Yushenko's support ratings in public opinion polls has dropped to below 4% in recent months. Had fresh parliamentary elections been held this month the president's party "Our Ukraine (Nasha Ukraina)" risked falling below the 3% representation threshold


Ukrainian hryvnia gains ground against the USD amidst speculation of insider trading

The Ukrainian currency (the hryvnia/grivna) has increased value against the US dollar. Yesterday the hryvnia dropped to a all time low of 10-10.5. Earlier today it was selling at 8.5-9.0 to the US dollar.

Less then six months ago the Ukrainan hryvnia was trading around 4.85 to the US dollar

After years of robust economic growth, Ukraine has sunk into a deep recession, pressured by a drastic fall in the exports of steel, the core of the economy. A lack of confidence in the banking system, coupled with constant political turmoil under President Viktor Yushchenko has spurred a sharp devaluation in the national currency

The collapse in the value of the local currency has prompted allegations of insider trading and speculative involvement by Ukraine's National Bank and the Office of the president

Prime Minister of Ukraine, Yulia Tymoshenko, has indicated that she will call on international organizations to investigate into laundering illegally acquired money if the central bank of Ukraine does not stabilize the hryvnia’s value in the nearest future.

According to the Prime Minister, the hryvnia’s value tumbled due to “special speculative operations planned at the currency market of Ukraine and organized with assistance of the central bank and some other banks of Ukraine”

I can list a number of banks, but I’d like to focus on one of them”, she said

“There is a number of banks that were involved in the same operations. In fact, the bank that was just bought for 600 million dollars, received from the the financial resources at 7 billion 100 million hryvnias”, Yulia Tymoshenko said adding that “the bribes made up from 3% to 7% of the total amount of financing allocated by the central bank to a bank”.

Yulia Tymoshenko pointed out that Firtash [a Ukrainian tycoon] and the Presidential Secretariat are standing behind the Nadra bank today. For them to earn more money, “at present they need to tumble the hryvnia’s value vs dollar. And today a number of special banks, including Nadra bank, are holding nearly a billion dollars waiting for the moment when the hryvnia will fall to the lowest level that could be achieved in this situation. As soon as hryvnia falls to that level, these banks will throw currency at the market, and the hryvnia’s value will strengthen”.

The Prime Minister stated that she has all documents confirming the various financial transactions. She vowed to pass the documents for consideration of parliament and other superiority institutions for review


Thursday, December 18, 2008

Allies desert Yushchenko; new movements emerge

Kyiv: Kyiv Post Editorial by Alina Pastukhova

President lost control of his faction in parliament, a portentous development as more of his allies are fleeing his camp to back Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko

Ukrainian President Victor Yushchenko lost control of his faction in parliament, a portentous development as more of his allies are fleeing his camp to back Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko.

Also, two upcoming leaders started new political movements in a country that already has 159 officially registered political parties.

Bucking their nominal leader, Yushchenko’s parliamentary faction Our Ukraine – People’s Self-Defense signed a formal coalition agreement with Tymoshenko’s and Rada Speaker Volodymyr Lytvyn’s factions on Dec. 16. After several days of intrigues, 37 out of 72 Our Ukraine members joined the coalition, forming a coalition of 213 deputies – still short of the 226 majority.

The signing of a new coalition deal caused a bitter split in the faction and resignation of its leader, Vyacheslav Kyrylenko, and deputy head Roman Zvarych, who remain loyal to the president. “I think that the faction’s decision [to join the coalition] is moronic, and I cannot be a leader of a moronic faction,” said Zvarych.

Mykola Martynenko and Borys Tarasyuk are among the candidates vying to lead the faction, while the split and alienation of Yushchenko from his own party will continue. “The president’s influence on the faction will continue to decrease,” said Taras Stetskiv, an Our Ukraine – People’s Self Defense deputy who also supported the coalition of three. “Yushchenko ignored his chance to allow the whole OU-PSD faction to join the coalition and lost his only chance for becoming its leader.” Stetskiv predicted that eventually up to 60 people will sign the coalition agreement.

While the pro-presidential camp continued to fight, other ex-presidential allies, ex-Rada speaker Arseniy Yatsenyuk and ex-Defense Minister Anatoliy Hrytsenko announced that each of them is starting their own political movements. Yatsenyuk’s is named Front of Changes while Hrytsenko’s movement is called Civil Position. Both may become political parties.


Yushchenko threatens expulsion of Members of Parliament who supported the reformation and stability of Ukraine's governing coalition

In a surprise attack on Ukraine's democratic process Viktor Yushchenko, Ukraine's beleaguered President, is seeking revenge on those members of his party that supported the reformation of the so called democratic coalition.

Ukraine needs more then anything political stability to help weather the worst of the current economic crisis. Instead of helping to restore stability,Victor Yushchenko is trying to pull it apart.

Ukraine has suffered political instability since the forced reelection of Ukraine's Parliament in September 2007 elections. Victor Yushchenko and members of his staff pulled out of the governing coalition in September this year with the President seeking to call another round of Ukraine's parliamentary ballot. The destabilisation of Ukraine's political governance has taken its toll on Ukraine's economy with Ukraine suffering from the global financial crisis more then any other country in the region. Ukraine's currency has been devalued and is now trading at around 9 hryvnia to the US Dollar 40% lower then before the latest political crisis.

Yesterday members of Our Ukraine and the People's self Defence fraction(NUNS) voted 37 out of 72 to restore stability and reform the governing coalition to help fight the current economic collapse in doing rejecting the direction and wishes of Ukraine's President.

Victor Yushchenko expressed concern that the lawmakers, who supported the reformation of the governing coalition will be expelled from the party forcing then out of the Parliament.

“Next week we will hold a second stage of the party session, and I’m confident that the session will determine its position concerning the people who supported the coalition contrary to the decision of the party, [will decide] how to expel these people from the list of members of parliament. Any political force would do so”, Victor Yushchenko said. “It’s a good process, a process of purification."

Yesterday 37 out of 72 members of Our Ukraine – People’s Self-Defense party faction supported formation of the parliamentary coalition with the Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko and the Lytvyn’s Bloc.

Oblivious as to the effect Ukraine's political crisis is having on the economy, Victor Yushchenko in commenting on the decision to restore stability to the government said "it (The reformed coalition) is even more shameful”.

Nothing can be further from the truth. If anything the acts of the President in his desperate attempt to destroy the governing coalition that brings not only shame but hardship on the Ukrainian people. Yushchenko has lost all respect and if he continues down this path of destruction he will have to be removed from office. It would be best of all if he just resigned and handed over the reigns to someone who is capable of establishing confidence, law and order. The President's term of office expires next year.


Wednesday, December 17, 2008

NUNS declare independence from Yushchenko

Reducing President's influence over the government

Our Ukraine - Peoples Self Defence (NUNS) have signed the agreement with Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko and Bloc Lytvyn to reform a Governing Coalition and in the process has sidelined Victor Yushchenko and his head of staff Viktor Baloha. The decision to reunite the factions was opposed by Ukraine's President who continued to advocate the Parliament's dismissal.

Had fresh parliamentary election been held,based on current public opinion polls the presidents party Our Ukraine would have been decimated and ran the risk of losing representation in the new parliament.

By reforming the coalition NUNS hopes to provide stability and remain in a position of infulgence as opposed to being sidelined on the side benches.

The Party has struck out in opposition and declared independence from its former leader and President of Ukraine, Victor Yushchenko. There is wide speculation that NUNS no longer believe that Yushchenko or his secretariat are acting in the countries best interest. Yushchenko had overplayed his hand and his potential to lead the party or be re-elected to a second term of office is non existent. By seeking to distance themselves from the President they hope to regain public confidence and once again position themselves to play a meaningful role in the Ukraine's development.

The signing of the agreement yesterday heralded a significant power shift in the President's faction which included the resignation of Yushchenko's closest parliamentary advisors, Viacheslav Kyrylenko, and his deputy Roman Zvarych.

The new coalition has a new name “National Development, Stability, and Order”.


Tuesday, December 16, 2008

Ukraine's new coalition is official

Our Ukraine - Peoples Self Defence agree to the revised coalition

Kyiv Post have reported that the Our Ukraine and People's Self Defence faction have formally decided to re-form a governing coalition with Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko and Bloc Lytvyn to the desperate cries of dissatisfaction from supporters of Ukraine's embattled President Victor Yushchenko.

The decision of the President's faction is a clear sign that Yushchenko's policies of division and undermining of Ukraine's Democratic government have taken their toll. Had Ukraine been forced to another round of Parliamentary elections Our Ukraine, who had slumped in public opinion polls to below 4%, ran the risk of losing representation in the new parliament.

The determination of the faction to support a realignment with Ukraine's governing party promoted the resignation of the leader of the Our Ukraine-People's Self-Defense Bloc faction, Viacheslav Kyrylenko, and his deputy Roman Zvarych. Both had played a crucial role in undermining the government's success. Roman Zvarych was the man responsible for the failed negotiations that lead to the collapse of the Orange Revolution Alliance and the decision of the Social Party of Ukraine to form a governing coalition with Party of regions and the Communist party of Ukraine back in 2007

The new alliance which includes bloc Lytvyn, whose leader was elected as Speaker and potential successor to Yushchenko, is widely seen as a serious blow and loss of face for Ukraine's President who has lost all respect. Victor Yushchenko has twice sought to dismiss Ukraine's parliamentary government bring the country close to civil unrest and collapse and in the process he has undermined Ukraine's economic and democratic development.

The people of Ukraine have grown weary of the President's power struggle and his term of office. Yushchenko failed to deliver on the Countries expectation since the 2004 Orange revolution that saw him elected to office. The President's dramatic fall from grace has been tormentuous if not spectacular from a high of 52% in 2004 to a dismal 4% in 2008.

It is unclear as to Yushchenko's next move. Technically he can force though fresh elections but to do so would be a oaramount to treason and rejection of the democratic process. Whilst he had the authority to dismiss the parliament it is doubtful that he can do so now.

There are some that claim Yushchenko is on borrowed time. An agreement has been reached to allow the President to see his term of office out but much of that depends on what actions the president takes.

If he continues his attack on Ukraine's democratic coalition then the agreement may come unstuck. There are reports on the media that Yushchenko will use the budget and threat of blocking supply as his next weapon of attack. If he does this will only exacerbate Ukraine's economic crisis and further undermine public confidence in the Office of the President.

Come next summer the President loses the power and authority to dismiss Ukraine's government. Ukraine will move into the process of election of a new president and it is unlikely that Yushchenko, given his poor performance, will be supported for re-election. Without the support of Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko or Party of Regions Yushchenko's termof President has come to an end.


Tuesday, December 09, 2008

Coalition revival - back to square one and another round of the carrousel

After months of political instability and division the on again off again coalition is back on. Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko has reunited with Our Ukraine People's Self Defence and Bloc Lytvyn. KyivPost

In what can only be seen as a back down by Ukraine's beleaguered President, Victor Yushchenko and his fledgling party Our Ukraine. Back in September 2008 The President's faction withdraw from the governing coalition which sparked another round of cat and tail constitutional political crisis. Yushchenko tried to dismiss the parliament but was unable to get his way. Fresh elections were seen as a disaster for Our Ukraine who were languishing in the polls and if forced to face a new election ran the serious risk of being ousted from office. The President made a serious blunder and no one within his party and beyond supported his actions. Not the least members of Ukraine's Parliament who continued to support confidence in the Tymoshenko govenment.

To add to Yushchenko's troubles Ukraine faced a serious loss of confidence and an emerging economic crisis sparked by the US-world financial slowdown. Ukraine was hardest hit by the double whammy of political instability and slow done in the world economy. None of which served Ukraine well. Yushchenko, whose public support dropped to as low as 3.6%m was no longer in control.

Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko has managed to buy time by refusing to support the President's ill fated call for fresh parliamentary elections. Having failed to previously patch up relations with Yushchenko and his Our Ukraine Party, Yulia started negotiations with Party of Regions over the possibility of forming a broad coalition with a 2/3rds constitutional majority. With it came the real possibility of constitutional change and the ousting of Ukraine's President.

The bids were on the table and Yushchenko was left holding a losing hand. Fresh elections were not going to solve Ukraine's problems and ran the risk of undermining his position even further. If fresh elections were held Party of Regions would merge victoriously regaining control over the government.

Yushchenko had to do something to find a way out of the mess he had created, he was outwitted and outmaneuvered. Pressure was brought to bear form all concerned, not the least Poland and the United States, that the coalition had to be reformed at all costs.

As recent as this week Victor Yushchenko was demanding that his nominee, Ivan Plyushch be elected Speaker of the Parliament. Plyushch was the main cause of division and the collapse of the governing coalition. He refused to support the nomination and election of Yulia Tymoshenko as Prime Minster preferring to sit on the side benched in isolation. With a majority of one this caused great angst in the government circles as it fueled division and instability. Further the election of Ivan Plyushch as speaker would have caused significant problems in expanding the governing coalition and increasing its parliamentary majority. Neither Bloc Yulia Timochenko, People's Self Defence and Bloc Lytvyn wanted Plyushch as speaker.

There were only two real options. Our Ukraine supports the reformation of a new coalition with Bloc Lytvyn or Yulia negotiates a super coalition with Party of Regions.

Today the decision was made to reform the governing coalition, to wind back the clock and for the President to eat humble pie.

How long and how stable the new coalition will be is any one's guess. Judging by past experiences we can expect little change in the outcome for the long term.

The appointment of Lytvyn as speaker has also raised the question as to why Yushchenko and his party did not support the formation of a Orange coalition back in 2006 when it had the chance to do so. In 2006 Yushchenko's party Our Ukraine divided the Orange forces and refused to allow the then Orange coalition partner Olexandr Moroz,Socialist party of Ukraine, to assume the position of speaker of the parliament. A decision along with bitter division and political rivalry that was the last straw that caused the collapse of the Orange coalition. Had Yushchenko and his party agreed to share power back in 2006 Ukraine would not have undergone the extent of political instability it has had over the last two years.

Lytvyn's appointment did not come easy and required the support of the Communist Party of Ukraine and three breakaway rebels from Party of Regions (Taras Chornovil, Vassyl Hrytsak, and Yukhym Zvyahilskiy). Not all of Our Ukraine People's Self Defence voted to support Lytvn's election causing doubt as to the extent of stability the reformed coalition will be able to deliver.

Presidential blues

In the short term Ukraine can breath a sigh of relief but the long term forecast is not so bright.

Come July next year Yushchenko loses the ability to hold the Parliament to ransom and the power to dismiss the Parliament. Ukraine will move into Presidential election mode in all seriousness. If fresh elections are to be held then they will have to entail election of the President. Yulia Tymoshenko is on record saying that she is prepared to support a single nominee from the "democratic" coalition but she fell short of indicating support for Viktor Yushchenko. It is difficult to see her supporting him for a second term let alone being able to secure his election.

The question is who can take on then role of president and win the next election?

Given Yushchenko's standing in the polls and his lack of performance and trust Yushchenko is not in a position to win a second term of office even with Yulia's support, should she decide to offer him another chance. Yushchenko's term of office has come to an end.

Constitutional reform faces the abyss

The other main issue is constitutional reform and the completion of Ukraine's transition to a parliamentary democracy.

Ukraine has been struggling to make the transition form Presidential rule and to adopt a European Parliamentary democracy since it declared itself an independent state in 1991. Other former Soviet states states such as Poland and Romania and the Baltic states all adopted a parliamentary system and all are now members of the EU.

The reformation of a coalition with the Presidential forces has brought into question the ability of the government to enacted necessary changes. Yushchenko and his party will not support a parliamentary system of governance. Yulia for the sake of the coalition stability will have to forsake this much needed reform.

By breaking free from the chains of the President's Party Yulia was in a position to see Ukraine adopt a European model of governance putting an end to the policies of division and instability of Presidential rule by decree.


Thursday, November 06, 2008

Yushchenko faces rebellion within his own party as the county sinks

Looks like a rebellion is brewing
NUNS (Our Ukraine and Peoples'Self Defence) are having second thoughts about the strategic direction that Yushchenko has taken Ukraine.

Foreign Notes reports

Representatives of six of the nine political forces that form NUNS have responded to President's statements that NUNS deputies do not want to renew the democratic coalition with BYuT, and that parliamentary elections remain the only way out of the crisis.

They declared: "We, the leaders of the majority of the political forces on which the NUNS bloc and fraction is based, are extremely surprised by the president's assertion about "the absence of trust in Yulia Tymoshenko" and about the disinclination of the NUNS fraction to return to the democratic coalition."

They accuse the NUNS leadership of avoiding party meetings because: "the puppet-masters from Bank Street [pres's secretariat] are fearful that at the first sitting of the fraction a decision will be approved to return the fraction to the ranks of the democratic coalition.. We yet again responsibly declare that the coalition of democratic forces in parliament should, and must be renewed in a matter of hours. For this only one thing is required - the wish and political will of the president." The signatories of the declaration "call on the president to cease his motiveless attacks against the government, the PM, and the coalition of democratic forces, particularly today, when the country needs unity to meet the challenges to Ukraine from the world financial crisis."

So...big trouble in the NUNS camp..

Ukrainiana: Yushchenko: Govt Piled Up Debt "Like a Bitch Piles Up Lice"


Saturday, November 01, 2008

Game, set, Match?

Elections unlikely to be held before Spring as Yushchenko falls

There was an interesting news report on the voting of finances for the election. If you have not got the money then you can not hold an election.

It appears that although there is not a majority of members of Parliament prepared or able to support the formation of a parliamentary majority government, a majority are also not prepared to support the holding of fresh elections at this present time.

The President's faction OU-PSD are not united in supporting Yushchenko's destabilization plan.

There is nothing new about minority governments. As long as Julia has the support and vote of confidence of a majority of the Parliament Yushchenko is caught between two different points of reality.

The Constitutional "Imperative Mandate" and the will of individual members of parliament

In 2007 we saw Yushchenko unconstitutionally dismiss the parliament because individuals were being lobbied to support the government's proposed constitutional reform which would have enabled Ukraine to adopt a democratic European style Parliamentary system of governance.

This year Yushchenko is has tried a different tact. Faced again with the possibility of Constitutional reform not to his liking Yushchenko had a majority of his faction agree to withdraw from the Coalition forcing a minority grouping to also abandon the faction.

But when you add the numbers of the disenfranchised and other minor parties such as the Lytvyn bloc and the Communists, there is a majority of members of parliament that disapprove of the president calling of a snap poll.

Unless the president can obtain the support of a majority members of parliament "Catch 22" no money, no election

Last year the US stepped in and offered to fund the election. Will they do the same this year? Unlikely as Yushchenko's gamble is certain to back fire on him.

The main party to benefit from fresh elections is Party of Regions because they will secure control over Government. No one else wants to spend money and limited resources in fighting an election that will not resolve the going crisis of Yushchenko's making.

Unless the President is hoping to form an alliance with Party of Regions what is his game plan other then to destabilize Ukraine and it's economy?

Somehow, judging by the lack of activity on the streets, I think Yushchenko has called an election that no one really wants except him and Party of Regions, of course. It does not look like it will happen this year that's for sure.

We can expect a spring election with the President also facing the people of Ukraine. This was the same deal sought back in 2007. Maybe in 2009 Yushchenko will have no other alternative but to except the compromise on offer as Ukraine's economy begins to buckle under the strain, pressure will be brought to bear ion Yushchenko to accept a compromise and early presidential elections my be the deal maker. Either Way Yushchenko is the real loser in this round if not the match.


Sunday, October 26, 2008

Portrait of Betrayal

The saga continues

Recent events have concluded what has been an unfolding saga of betrayal and destabilisation initiated by the Office of the President of Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko.

We take an independent look back over the last three years of Victor Yushchenko reign of terror and the consequences of Ukraine's political instability since 2004 and the tumultuous collapse of the Orange Revolution eventually leading to serious economic decline and loss of public confidence in the democratic process.

The implosion began in 2005 when Viktor Yushchenko dismissed Yulia Tymoshenko as Prime Minister in what was seen as the first betrayal of his supporters who help him get elected as President, replacing her with his own nominee.

Our Ukraine fails to sign up and form a governing coalition

Immediately after the 2006 Parliamentary election Viktor Yushchenko's party "Our Ukraine" who received only 14% of the vote refused to commit and sign up to a coalition agreement with his former Orange Revolution partners "Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko" and the Socialist party of Ukraine. Our Ukraine procrastinated for nearly three months whilst continuing to negotiate with Party of Regions a possible coalition between our Ukraine and Part of Regions.

In the midst of the negotiations Our Ukraine tried to force Yulia Tymoshenko from seeking the role of Prime Minister hoping to put in her place their own representative.

Our Ukraine delivers the first blow

When Our Ukraine's attempt to replace Yulia Tymoshenko failed they then sought to prevent Alexander Moroz, Leader of the Socialist Party from securing the position of Speaker of the parliament.Again Our Ukraine wanted their representative appointed to this position, The Socialist Party and also Yulia Tymoshenko was of the view that given that Our Ukraine held the position of President and Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko held the position of candidate for Prime Minister it was only fair that the Socialist Party secured the position of Speaker.

With time running out the Socialist party realised that Yushchenko and Our Ukraine had not acted in good faith and that a coalition involving the President's Party Our Ukraine would not happen

The Socialist Party, disillusioned and concerned that time had run out for the formation of a governing coalition decided to withdraw from coalition discussion with Our Ukraine and entered into an agreement with the Party of Regions and the Communist Party to form a governing coalition signalling the beginning of the collapse of the Orange Revolution partnership.

Victor Yushchenko initiates war of attrition

Viktor Yushchenko opposed to the new Parliamentary majority sought to undermine the functioning of the government and threatened to block supply in December 2006 only to back down at the last minute before midnight December 31, 2006.

The Parliament fights back with the support of BYuT

The Parliament, then with the support of Yulia Tymoshenko, in order to minimise the ongoing abuse and misuse of Presidential authority passed legislation to regulate and the powers of the President and the Cabinet of Ministers. This legislation was supported by over 360 members of parliament and as such overrode the right of veto of the President.

Yushchenko attacks democracy and dismisses his first parliament

On April 2007 Viktor Yushchenko, in order to prevent the parliament from securing a constitutional majority required to amend Ukraine's Constitution, unconstitutionally dismissed the 5th convocation of Ukraine Parliament. Yushchenko later illegally interfered with the operation and independence of Ukraine's Constitutional Court and on May 30 unilaterally dismissed three Constitutional Court Judges in order to prevent the Constitutional Court from overturning his decree dismissing Ukraine's democratically elected Parliament.

It was not until Yulia Tymoshenko and later members of the Our Ukraine bloc withdraw and resigned their Parliamentary mandates that agreement was finally reached for the holding of fresh Parliamentary elections which were held on September 30.

Prior to the September 2007 poll Our Ukraine joined forced with the People's Self-Defence Party a breakaway "pro-presidential" group headed by Yuriy Lutsenko

The results of the 2007 Parliamentary election

Party of Regions (34.37%) 175 seats
Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko (30.72%) 156 seats
Our Ukraine-People's Self Defence (14.16%) 72 seats
Communist Party of Ukraine (5.39%) 27 seats
Bloc Lytvyn (3.97%) 20 Seats

The Socialist Party of Ukraine received 2.86% of the vote falling short by 0.14% of the 3% threshold required to secure representation.

New unstable governing coalition formed

Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko and Our Ukraine - People-Self Defence group (who together represented 45% of the electorate) held a slender and unstable majority of 228 out of 450 parliamentary seats. After two rounds of voting the parliament finally elected Yulia Tymoshenko as Prime Minister with only 226 votes and managed to form a governing coalition.

Yushchenko's policy of destabilization continues unabated

Soon after taking Office Viktor Bolaha, The Secretary of the office of the President, with the support of Viktor Yushchenko began a concerted effort to destabilize the governing coalition. Two members of the Our Ukraine - Peoples' Self-Defence bloc refused to support the Tymoshenko government preferring instead to sit on the side benches. Their refusal signalling yet again the collapse of the Orange coalition.

Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko support democratic Constitutional reform opposed by Yushchenko

In April 2008 Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko, to the annoyance and disagreement of the pro-presidential forces, announced her parties support for Constitutional reform that would see Ukraine adopt a full parliamentary model of governance in-line with other European States and corresponding reduction in the powers of the President.

The policy of reform and the adoption of a Parliamentary system was widely supported by all parties except Our Ukraine, however agreement could not be reached on the exact terms of the wording of a revised Constitution.

Under the provision of Ukraine's Constitution the Constitution in part can be amended by a Constitutional majority of 300 out of 450 members of a parliament.

In the meantime Viktor Yushchenko, who has been opposed to democratic constitutional reform and the formation of a European Parliamentary system since 2002, planned the second dismissal of Ukraine's parliament in as many years in order to prevent the parliament from reaching agreement and enacting change to Ukraine's constitution.

Yushchenko fans the flames of division as war breaks out between Russia and Georgia - Tymoshenko refuses to support Yushchenko's attempts to escalate regional conflict

IN August 2008 Viktor Yushchenko tried to embroil Ukraine in the regional disputation and military conflict with Russia following the Georgian Government's provocation and attack on its break-away province of South Ossetia.

Yulia Tymoshenko aware of the circumstances of the provocation refused to allow Ukraine to become involed in the dispute which would have seriously escalated the conflict and divided Ukraine bringing it close to facing its own civil war. As a result of Yulia sensable policies Ukraine's Parliamentary government prevented any further escalation of the conflict by refusing to support Viktor Yushchenko's unjustified policy of divison and conflict.

Yushchenko makes false allegations of High Treason against Ukraine's Prime Minister in retaliation for her refusal to support the war against Russia.

Viktor Yushchenko in making the allegation of treason had the security forces (SBU) prosecute Yulia Tymoshenko.

The security forces investigated the President's complaint and found that there was no case to answer and that the Prime Minister had not committed High Treason as falsely claimed by the President

Our Ukraine withdraw support of Governing coalition ending the Orange partnership

On September 2, 2008, with relations between the President and the governing coalition fuelled by bitter acrimony, Victor Yushchenko's Party 'Our Ukraine' announced the collapse of the governing coalition and the withdrawal of Our Ukraine forcing the People's Self Defence party to also withdraw from the coalition agreement.

Second Parliament dismissed one year after being elected

On October 7 Victor Yushchenko dismissed the Parliament for the second time is as many years and called fresh parliamentary elections. In spite attempts and efforts made by Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko to meet the President's demands, Victor Yushchenko refused to compromise bringing to a complete end final collapse of the Orange coalition that was formed in 2004 which saw Victor Yushchenko elected to Office.

President's support reduced to less then 5%

Victor Yushchenko's public support has collapsed and is now sitting on around 5% support according to latest public opinion polls. He is unlikely to be re-elected to a second term of office with or without the support of a major political party.

No change or a return to the past expected as a result of new poll

All indication are that the results of fresh elections will produce more or less the same outcome as previous elections in 2006 or 2007 leaving the question as to what Victor Yushchenko hopes to gain from holding fresh elections and abandoning the existing governing coalition.

Allegations of Presidential constitutional coup surface

Some claim that President is trying to provoke a constitutional confrontation in-order to justify and create a situation so that the President can call a state of emergency and install a Presidential dictatorship.

Date tentative set for new poll

Elections were schedules for December 7, 2008 but following another round of court challenges and further interference in the judicial process by the President, the latest round of Parliamentary elections are now scheduled for December 14 with expectations that this date will also be postponed

The saga of the President's betrayal continues with Ukraine now suffering serious economic decline as a result of the enforced political instability initiated by the Office of the President, Victor Yushchenko


Wednesday, October 22, 2008

Ukrainian leaders should respect the independence of the judiciary

The Human Right Organization has come out and published a scathing report criticising Ukraine's President, Victor Yushchenko for his political interference in the independence of Ukraine's judiciary. This criticism comes following Yushchenko's dismissal of another judge that ruled against his presidential decrees.

“As president of a democratic country, Yushchenko should observe and respect the independence of the judiciary, and not interfere with courts when they issue rulings he doesn’t like,” said Allison Gill, Moscow office director at Human Rights Watch.

Referring to Yushchenko ordering SBU agents to oversea the Courts deliberations

“It’s one thing for the security services to provide protection for judges,” said Gill. “But it’s quite another when they’re actually in chambers during deliberations. At a minimum, this creates the appearance of potential intimidation or even interference with a pending decision.”

Nihilism on high

Kyiv Post has also published an editorial peace by Katya Gorchinskaya attacking the President's annihilation of justice in Ukraine. She headline the article with the question "When leaders don’t even obey the law, what hope is there for the rule of law?"

The executive branch cannot legally dismiss the judicial branch at will. There is a procedure for it, and it has to be observed by all political players, including the president – but it was not. There are strong calls to restart the long-postponed judicial reform, but it’s unclear how it would help in this mess and who would be able to carry it out in the first place and then implement it, if the country’s top officials so readily ignore laws, apply pressure and intimidate judges.
Unless judges are free of fear and pressure, there is no justice. Unless all branches of power observe law, democracy becomes an oxymoron. Unless all political players sacrifice their ambition and do their job right, it doesn’t matter how many parliamentary and presidential elections are held and how often – the country will stay in a mess.

The criticism of the Human Rights Umbrella group echos the concern expressed by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) in 2007 in which PACE was highly critical of Victor Yushchenko's interference in the operation of Ukraine's courts.

“The Assembly deplores the fact that the judicial system of Ukraine has been systematically misused by other branches of power and that top officials do not execute the courts’ decisions, which is a sign of erosion of this crucial democratic institution. An independent and impartial judiciary is a precondition for the existence of a democratic society governed by the rule of law."

The independence of the courts is enshrined in Ukraine's Constitution.

The recent interference in Ukraine's judiciary is made worse by the fact that it is Ukraine's head of State that has compromised the constitutional independence of Ukraine's judiciary. In a western democracy interference in the courts is an indictable offence and certainly grounds for impeachment of the head of state.


Saturday, October 11, 2008

History repeats: Victor Yushchenko interferes with Ukraine's judicial process.

The Kyiv Administrative court has issued a injunction suspending the Presidents decree dismissing Ukraine's democratically elected parliament.

In what is reminiscent of events unfolded last year, Victor Yushchenko has again interfered with the independence of Ukraine's judiciary.

In April 2007 the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) passed a resolution in consideration of a report titled Functioning of democratic institutions in Ukraine. (Items 13 and 14) stated:

“The Assembly deplores the fact that the judicial system of Ukraine has been systematically misused by other branches of power and that top officials do not execute the courts’ decisions, which is a sign of erosion of this crucial democratic institution. An independent and impartial judiciary is a precondition for the existence of a democratic society governed by the rule of law."

The associated explanatory report under the sub-heading of Pressure on the courts expressed concern that

"Several local courts have made decisions to suspend the Presidential Decree only to then withdraw them, allegedly under pressure from the presidential secretariat." (item 67)

In emphasis the report (item 68) stated

"This is a worrying tendency of legal nihilism that should not be tolerated. It is as clear as day that in a state governed by the rule of law judicial mistakes should be corrected through appeal procedures and not through threats or disciplinary sanctions ”


Friday, October 10, 2008

Fresh Elections Single the Death of President's Our Ukraine Party

Victor Yushchenko's dismissal Ukraine's Parliament and the holding of another round of Parliamentary elections will single the death of the President's Political Party Our Ukraine.

The Our Ukraine - People's Self-defence faction is no longer. Representatives of Peoples-Self Defence are expected to vote on withdrawal from the President's faction over the weekend.

All expectations, assuming the President will not falsify election results, is that Party of Regions will secure a majority in the next convocation of Ukraine's Parliament. The President's Party, Our Ukraine, is struggling to maintain over 3% support necessary to secure representation and there is no natural alliance or political partners that would be willing or prepared to enter into a coalition with the fledgling Presidential party.

Already members of Our Ukraine are engaged in negotiations to abandon association with Our Ukraine and are seeking a safe haven and support of other political factions.

The election scheduled for December 7 will be, by default, a referendum on the President himself, A referendum that Victor Yushchenko can not not win.

Ukraine will most likely see a return to the 2006 election results with Party of Regions expected to be a good position to form the next governing coalition. Party of Regions will be in a strong position to seek change Ukraine's Constitution and implement a European Parliamentary system of governance that would leave Victor Yushchenko powerless and out in the cold.

Yushchenko has made a serious error of political judgment, one that will see a quick end to his Political career.

Yulia Tymoshenko, who is expected to be the second highest polling party, free from past constraints and coalition agreements, is expected to support constitutional reform that would see Victor Yushchenko lose all power and face impeachment.


Thursday, October 09, 2008

President's Faction Splits

New members desert Our Ukraine

The President Viktor Yushchenko loses support with representatives of People's Self-defence Party abandoning the Pro-presidential faction preferring to go to the polls alone.


Election to be a referendum on the President and his polices of divison

Yushchenko hammers in the last nail into the Orange Revolution's coffin

"The Democratic Coalition in name alone was destroyed by one thing – by human ambition. By the human ambition of a single person. By thirst for power, divergence of values, priority of personal interests over national interests."

The coalition agreement and coalition concords are destroyed, economic reforms are not conducted, election-aimed calculations transformed into lust for presidential absolute power that yielded the highest inflation rates in Europe and deterioration of social standards – wages, retirement payments and many other social programs.

Block of Yulia Tymoshenko and Ukraine's Parliamentary government have become hostage to the President. Yushchenko is ready to sacrifice everything: language, security, European integration in order to cling on to power.

Last night Viktor Yushchenko sacrificed the idealism and faith of those that supported his election and the Orange revolution. His party Our Ukraine have betrayed that revolution and Ukraine's quest for democratic values. They were the party that caused the collapse of the Orange coalition in 2006. Last night Vicktor Yushchenko hammered in the last nail in the Orange revolution's coffin and democracy in Ukraine.

Victor Yushchenko would not listen or share the belief of a majority of Ukrainians who want honest and democratic government. He has clung on to the past and struggled to hold on to soviet presidential authoritarian rule as opposed to embracing European values and a system of Parliamentary democracy in line with other European States. He has put his own personal interests and lust for power ahead of the long term democratic interests of Ukraine.

Instead of facing the people of Ukraine himself, instead of seeking to renew his fledgling mandate Victor Yushchenko has for the second time dismissed Ukraine's Parliament.

The Elections which have been called for in December, the on set of winter, further undermine Ukraine's economic development. At a time when the world is facing financial challanges as a result of the collapse of the United States financial system, Ukraine needs stable governance.

The election scheduled for December 7, will become a referendum on Yushchenko and Ukraine's future direction. It can decide to forgo all democratic reforms and revert back to a soviet dictatorship under Presidential authority or it can embrace a European Parliamentary democracy.

The results of the election are unlikely to change but support for Yushchenko will cease. His term and effectiveness of leader of Ukraine will have come to an end.

The parliament and people of Ukraine must call for Yushchenko's resignation or seek his impeachment. As long as Yushchenko remains in Office Ukraine will never be a democratic state holding true European democratic values.

The divisons and personal power struggle of the President must come to an end. Ukraine needs to send a clear message that Yushenko's personal ambitions are not in Ukraine's best interest. Ukraine must vote against the President, his Party Nasha Ukraina (Our Ukraine) and any supporter of the President.


Wednesday, October 08, 2008

Viktor Yushchenko kills off democracy in Ukraine

Ukraine faces its third Parliamentary election in as many years

Viktor Yushchenko has dismissed Ukraine's Parliament in what is a planned execution and power play in a battle of supremacy - President versus Parliament struggle for power.

Yushchenko has undermined Ukraine's parliamentary system of governance from day one.

His latest attack on democratic values came minutes after the President meet leaders of the parliamentary factions.

In what was a calculated and deliberate blow to the "democratic alliance" and ideals portrayed by the Orange revolution Viktor Yushchenko's party, Our Ukraine, exposed their true persona and colors. Yushchenko has turned on his former revolutionary comrade and previous supporter, Yulia Tymoshenko, and hammered in the last nail in the Orange Revolution's coffin. There is no turning back and there will be no reunited push for change. As long as Yushchenko remains in office Ukraine will never be a true democratic state.

Link to Yushchenko's pre-recorded speech (Russia Today)

A Case of the tail wagging the dog

Our Ukraine was the cause of the collapse of the Orange Coalition in 2006. At every stage they have acted to undermine Ukraine's Parliamentary System

Viktor Yushchenko, who has less then 5% support in the public opinion polls, has pinned his colors to the mask and declared war on democracy.

A President in denial suffering from delusions of grandeur.

In an incredible display of self deceit Yushchenko tried to rewrite history and deny facts by claiming the he did not dismiss Ukraine's Parliament in 2007.

On April 2 2007, Viktor Yushchenko unconstitutionally dismissed Ukraine's democratically elected Parliament. In doing so he brought the country close to civil war, dividing and destabilizing the country like no other person in Ukraine's short history of independence. In June 2007 he illegally interfered with the independence of Ukraine Constitutional Court to prevent the Court from ruling against his decree. To this day, following Yushchenko's interference, the Constitutional Court has not ruled on the rights or wrong of the President's actions.

Today's announcement is a further power play and another attempt to undermine Ukraine's economy and political stability. Ukraine is left to suffer and pay the cost of Yushchenko's divisive action.

It is too early to say how the Parliament will react to this latest act of lunacy. Short term gains and self interests prevent Ukraine's Parliamentary factions from uniting to defend democratic values and the nation itself.

If the polls are a true indication of voter's intention then it will be back to square one. The President's faction may yet pay the ultimate price as the electorate rejects Yushchenko's latest ploy. It may abandon the political process, disillusioned and in despair. Ukraine could transit into anarchy, reminiscent of the Yeltsin years.

The Winter election comes at the worst time as Ukraine's economy takes a beating along with the world following the collapse of the US financial system. A time when Ukraine needs stability first and foremost.

Fresh elections will not resolve the underlying structural issues facing Ukraine.

The likely outcome, as has been forewarned by many commentators is that Yushchenko may try an instigate a Presidential coup. If the current political crisis results in civil disobedience, as was the case last year, Yushchenko may use that as the excuse to declare a state of emergency and impose presidential rule. Should any united opposition to the President manifest itself the president will try and use force to assume control as was the case in Georgia earlier this year. It is unclear if the army will follow his orders or if they will side with the Parliament.

Yushchenko's decision to prolong political instability in Ukraine has been a deliberate attempt to prevent Ukraine from taking decisive steps to limit the President's power and adopt a European Parliamentary system of governance.

A majority of the Parliament supports Ukraine becoming a parliamentary democracy but they can not come together and remain united in order to bring about change. Yushchenko by dismissing the parliament hopes to prevent Ukraine from becoming a parliamentary democracy.

Without constitutional reform and limitations to presidential power Ukraine will continue to suffer political instability for many years to come. Irrespective of the outcome of the fresh election Ukraine will remain seriously divided with a loss of confidence in the democratic process and systems that bind a democratic nation.

Yushchenko has done more harm to prevent Ukraine's European integration and democratic development then any person in the history of Ukraine.

If anybody should be facing the people of Ukraine it should be the President not the Parliament.


Wednesday, September 24, 2008

Ukraine and Georgia NATO membership not in US Interest.

Serious risk of destabilising region

Former U.S. ambassador to Moscow Jack Matlock said on Tuesday

By Susan Cornwell, Reuters, Washington, Tuesday, September 16, 2008

WASHINGTON, D.C. - NATO membership for Georgia and Ukraine is not in Washington's or the alliance's interest, former U.S. ambassador to Moscow Jack Matlock said on Tuesday as he and other ex-U.S. envoys decried the poor state of ties with Russia.

At a gathering of five former U.S. and Russian ambassadors, Matlock, the last U.S. envoy to the Soviet Union, questioned a central tenet of Bush administration policy: its firm support for the NATO membership bids of both Georgia and Ukraine.

Some European countries have doubts about the policy, and some U.S. analysts have blamed it for helping provoke the brief war last month between Russia and Georgia over the breakaway region of South Ossetia.

Since Russian troops crushed Georgian forces in that conflict, U.S. ties with Moscow have plummeted. "To simply say every country should have the right to apply to any alliance it wants, that's true. But an alliance and its members should also have the right to determine whether it's in their interests to take in a member," Matlock told the forum in Washington, sponsored by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

"I'm saying it's not in the United States' interests, and it's not in NATO's interests," said Matlock, who was ambassador to Moscow from 1987 to 1991 under former President George H.W. Bush, the current president's father. Georgia had not settled territorial disputes with its neighbours, and appeared to want to use the NATO military alliance to help resolve them, Matlock said, in a reference to its conflict with Russia.

As for Ukraine, which like Georgia is a former Soviet republic, most of its population opposed membership and joining NATO would risk splitting the country, Matlock said. He added that genuine strategic cooperation with Moscow, which vehemently opposes NATO membership for the two former Soviet republics, would be nearly impossible "as long as we're pushing this."

In New York on Monday, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice met Ukraine's foreign minister and pledged Washington's firm support for Ukraine's bid to join NATO. But in Washington, Matlock and former U.S. envoys to Moscow James Collins and Arthur Hartman pointed to the consequences of ignoring Russia's attitude on NATO expansion.

They shared a platform with two former Soviet ambassadors to Washington, Alexander Bessmertnykh and Yuri Dubinin, who denounced the NATO expansion policy as a major irritant in relations. "I personally believe that we need to go slow. ... If we don't, we will find that this is not something that stabilizes but rather divides," Collins said.

Hartman said that at the time the Soviet Union was collapsing in the early 90s, it was a "great failure" that the West didn't think creatively about a structure to replace NATO -- because the main purpose of its existence, to defend against a Soviet threat, no longer existed.



Monday, September 22, 2008

Our Ukraine Presidential power stuggle to decimate President's support and claim to govern

Notional seats based on poll results
Parliamentary Seats  
Publication Date   19-Sep-08 04-Sep-08 27-Aug-08 21-Apr-08 30-Sep-07
Poll Dates from 01-Sep-08 15-Aug-08 08-Aug-08 11-Apr-08  
to to to to Election Results
07-Sep-08 27-Aug-08 08-Aug-08 17-Apr-08 30-Sep-07
Poll Source   Kyiv International Institute of Sociology  FOM-Ukraina FOM-Ukraina Ukrainian Center for Economical and Political Studies  CEC
PoR 180 189 164 162 175
BYuT 186 158 189 171 156
OU-PSD 29 28 37 51 72
CPU 29 38 37 35 27
LPB 26 36 23 31 20
    450 450 450 450 450
A-(PoR+CPU) 209 228 201 197 202
B- (OUPSD+BYuT) 215 186 226 222 228
Lytvyn 26 36 23 31 20
    450 450 450 450 450

Poll Details
Publication Date   19-Sep-08 04-Sep-08 27-Aug-08 21-Apr-08 30-Sep-07
Poll Dates from   01-Sep-08 15-Aug-08 08-Aug-08 11-Apr-08  
  to to to to Election Results
  07-Sep-08 27-Aug-08 08-Aug-08 17-Apr-08 30-Sep-07
Poll Source   Kyiv International Institute of Sociology  FOM-Ukraina FOM-Ukraina Ukrainian Center for Economical and Political Studies  CEC
PoR 23.30% 26.60% 20.30% 26.80% 34.36%
BYuT 24.10% 22.20% 23.40% 28.30% 30.72%
OU-PSD 3.80% 3.90% 4.60% 8.40% 14.16%
CPU 3.80% 5.40% 4.60% 5.80% 5.39%
LPB 3.40% 5.10% 2.80% 5.10% 3.96%
SPU 1.10% 1.70% 2.86%
PSPU 1.00% 1.90% 0.40%  
Peoples Self-Defence 1.10% 1.80%  
Others 3.10% 2.90% 5.78%
Undecided 19.80% 11.40%  
None 9.10% 9.20% 2.77%
Uknown 0.00%  
Sum (Participation Rate) 60.50% 100.00% 55.70% 100.00% 100.00%