Sunday, June 29, 2014

History of Ukraine - The Missing Chapter - Yushenko and beyond

Ukraine - The Birth of a Nation. A 4 part series as seen from a polish perspective.

This documentary failed to give recognition to the role played by Olexandr Moroz, leader of the Socialist party of Ukraine, without whom the Orange Revolution and the election of Victor Yushchenko would not have been successful.

In December 2004 Viktor Yushchenko was elected Ukraine's third President with 54% support o voters in the third round of voting in what was to be known as the Orange Revolution .

Part of the agreement arsing from the Orange Revolution was the Ukraine's transition from Presidential rule towards a parliamentary system of governance.

In 2002/3 Victor Yushchenko  opposed the adoption of a Parliamentary Democacy a proposal put forward by Lenoid Kuchma that fell short by just five votes (295) of the two-thirds vote (300) of Ukraine's Parliament (450)

Victor Yushchenko continued when elected President in December 2004 continued to oppose  democratic reform in Ukraine and consistently undermined the stability of Ukraine;s Parliament. (Rada)

Following the Ukrainian Parliamentary election election in March 2006. Yushchenko's Party "Our Ukraine" refused to support the formation of an Orange coalition government and the sharing fo power with his coalition partners, Yulia Tymoshenko as Prime minister and Olexandr Moroz. (As speaker of the Ukrainian Parliament.

The stand off lasted three months and Ukraine was facing a constitutional crisis as a result fo Yushchenko's failed leadership. The end results was the collapse of the Orange revolution and the decision of the Socialist party of Ukraine to support the formation of a Unity Government  with Victor Yanukovych being elected as Prime Minister. Whilst "Our Ukraine" at first sought to join  the newly join government but on the condition that Yushchenko's Party nominated the prime-minister.and various ministerial positions, far in excess of their Parliamentary representation.

In the end Our Ukraine" who was inflicted with division failed to form part of the Unity Government that was made up of Party of Regions, The Communist party or Ukraine and the Socialist Party of Ukraine.

Ukraine's Parliament proposed once again to install a full parliamentary system of governance and remove., a move that was supported by the Parliamentary Assemble of the Council of Europe (PACE) and the European Venice Commission

Victor Yushchenko, who remained opposed to democratic reform, in February 2007 unconstitutionally and illegally dismissed Ukraine's Parliament in order to prevent the Ukraine's Constitution from being amended to remove Presidential authority.

Yushenko going as far as interfering with th3 independence of Ukraine's Constitutional Court illegally dismissed members of the Court in order to prevent the Court form ruling against his decree. Yushchenko's actions caused seven months of political and social inability. proposals to hold fresh Presidential and Parliamentary elections were rejected.  The standoff was eventually resolved with an agreement to hold fresh Parliamentary election only.

The results of the fresh parliamentary elections saw the collapse of support for Victror Yushchenko part Our Ukraine.  The Socialist Party of Ukraine fell 0.4% short from securing securing only 3.86% of the vote.  Had they reached the threshold the overall results of the 2007 Parliamentary would have been the same as the 2006 results.

Yulia Tymoshenko with the support of Our Ukraine managed to secure a majority of one vote in a third ballot of members of the newly elected Parliament and was eventually elected Prime Minister of Ukraine.

The slender margin on the floor of the parliament caused ongoing instability with Victor Yushchenko continuing to undermining the success of Ukraine's parliamentary government

Victor Yushenkso support in Ukraine had collapsed from a high of 54% in 2004 to less than 5% in 2010.  Yushcheko was defeated in the first round of the Presidential vote.

Yushchenko then decided to support Victor Yanukovych against Julia Tymshenko in the final round of Presidential voting. Yanukovch was elected with 52% support

Soon after taking office Yanukovch who had previously supported Ukraine's transition to a Parliamentary democracy acted to reversed the Constitutional reforms that were agreed to in 2004 and consolidated power in the office of the President

In 2014 Yanukovych was ousted from office in an unconstitutional violent political coup and the Constitutional reforms of 2004 reinstated.  Yanukocych was forced into exile and fresh elections held under controversial circumstances electing Ukraine's current President Petro Poroshenko.

In period following the violent coup in Kyiv, the residents of Crimea voted overwhelmingly to seceded from Ukraine and rejoin the Russian Federation.

Odessa fell victim to atrocities inflicted by the Ultra Right Nationals and
Eastern Ukraine came under attack by nationalist guards in what was considered by many to be political reprisals, verging in civil War, designed to prevent Eastern Ukraine from participating in the early Presidential elections on May 25 2014.

On June 27, 2014 the new president, Petro Poroshenko, signed an association agreement with the European Union amidst a 7 day cease fire in hostilities aimed at Eastern Ukraine.  The President has promised constitutional reform which is still to be determined..